Kidney Stone Academy

Un corso on line, oramai non più FAD, sulla Fisiopatologia della Calcolosi Renale. GLi AA sono la sicurezza che il corso vale assolutamente la pena di essere visto. https://medicalfree.it/corso/fisiopatologia-della-calcolosi-renale Marco Lombardi

Calcium and Vitamin D Supplementation and Their Association with Kidney Stone Disease: A Narrative Review

Abstract: Kidney stone disease is a multifactorial condition influenced by both genetic predispositionand environmental factors such as lifestyle and dietary habits. Although different monogenic polymorphismshave been proposed as playing a causal role for calcium nephrolithiasis, the prevalenceof these mutations in the general population and their complete pathogenetic pathway is yet tobe determined. General dietary advice … Leggi tutto

‘Bad dietary habits’ and recurrent calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis

Case report: A 32-year-old truck driver had previously been treated with allopurinol because of hyperuricaemia and gouty =Protein consumption (g/day) arthritis. After having first formed a kidney stone at (adapted from [5]); age 20, he had passed calculi annually for 8 years before he finally underwent ESWL for bilateral radio- it amounted to 108.1 g … Leggi tutto

2 – Nephrocalcinosis and urolithiasis in children Kidney International (2012) 82, 493–497; doi:10.1038/ki.2012.142

Correction to: Kidney International (2011) 80:1278–1291; doi:10.1038/ki.2011.336 In the above-cited article, Table 2 was published with incorrect alignment of age ranges and erroneous unit changes concerning the cystine and urate excretion levels. The urate gram units needed to be multiplied by 10. In Table 1, the diagnosis related to NPT2a mutations should read ‘Urolithiasis, osteoporosis, … Leggi tutto

Metabolic Evaluation and Recurrence Prevention for Urinary Stone Patients: EAU Guidelines

Context: An optimum metabolic evaluation strategy for urinary stone patients has not been clearly defined. Objective: To evaluate the optimum strategy for metabolic stone evaluation and management to prevent recurrent urinary stones. Evidence acquisition: Several databases were searched to identify studies on the metabolic evaluation and prevention of stone recurrence in urolithiasis patients. Special interest … Leggi tutto

Medical Management of Kidney Stones: AUA Guideline

Purpose: The purpose of this guideline is to provide a clinical framework for the diagnosis, prevention and follow-up of adult patients with kidney stones based on the best available published literature. Conclusions: A variety of medications and dietary measures have been evaluated with greater or less rigor for their efficacy in reducing recurrence rates in … Leggi tutto

Primary and secondary hyperoxaluria: Understanding the enigma

Hyperoxaluria is characterized by an increased urinary excretion of oxalate. Primary and secondary hyperoxaluria are two distinct clinical expressions of hyperoxaluria. Primary hyperoxaluria is an inherited error of metabolism due to defective enzyme activity. In contrast, secondary hyperoxaluria is caused by increased dietary ingestion of oxalate, precursors of oxalate or alteration in intestinal microflora. Clinical … Leggi tutto

Urinary Lithogenic Risk Profile in ADPKD Patients Treated with Tolvaptan

Nephrolithiasis is a common health problem in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) and significantly contributes to patient morbidity. Recently, Tolvaptan has been introduced for the treatment of ADPKD, but whether it is associated with alterations of the urinary lithogenic risk profile remains unknown Tolvaptan treatment is associated with a significantly improved urinary lithogenic risk … Leggi tutto