The prevalence of urolithiasis has increased worldwide over the past decades (1,2). The recently updatedguidelines on urolithiasis from the European Association of Urology (EAU) (3) represent a landmarkadvancement in the treatment of a common clinical condition because they address both the associatedrisks of urolithiasis beyond urolithiasis itself and the need for follow-up. Risks of urolithiasis … Leggi tutto

Dietary Risk Factors for Incident and Recurrent Symptomatic Kidney Stones

… Results: In fully adjusted analyses, lower dietary calcium, potassium, caffeine, phytate, and fluid intake were all associated with a higher odds of an incident symptomatic kidney stone. Among incident stone formers, 73 experienced symptomatic recurrence during a median 4.1 years of followup. Adjusting for body mass index, fluid intake, and energy intake, lower dietary … Leggi tutto

Calcium and Vitamin D Supplementation and Their Association with Kidney Stone Disease: A Narrative Review

Abstract: Kidney stone disease is a multifactorial condition influenced by both genetic predispositionand environmental factors such as lifestyle and dietary habits. Although different monogenic polymorphismshave been proposed as playing a causal role for calcium nephrolithiasis, the prevalenceof these mutations in the general population and their complete pathogenetic pathway is yet tobe determined. General dietary advice … Leggi tutto

ABC’s of medical management of STONES.

This publication is printed and distributed  for educational purposes by  MISSION PHARMACAL COMPANY  San Antonio, TX 78230-1355 Acknowledgment is made to  the following people for expert guidance  on the development of this booklet 0 0 0 0

‘Bad dietary habits’ and recurrent calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis

Case report: A 32-year-old truck driver had previously been treated with allopurinol because of hyperuricaemia and gouty =Protein consumption (g/day) arthritis. After having first formed a kidney stone at (adapted from [5]); age 20, he had passed calculi annually for 8 years before he finally underwent ESWL for bilateral radio- it amounted to 108.1 g … Leggi tutto

Iter diagnostico e terapia della calcolosi

La nefrolitiasi è una malattia diffusa nella popolazione generale con una prevalenza in aumento negli ultimi anni. La sua rilevanza clinica è gravata dalla tendenza a recidivare comportando così un rischio aggiuntivo di complicanze sia renali (fino alla malattia renale cronica) che extrarenali (come la malattia metabolica dell’osso). D’altra parte l’inquadramento clinico della malattia può … Leggi tutto

DASH-Style Diet and 24-Hour Urine Composition

Background and objectives: We previously observed associations between a Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH)-style diet and large reductions in kidney stone risk. This study examined associations between a DASH-style diet and 24-hour excretions of urinary lithogenic factors. Conclusions: A DASH-style diet may reduce stone risk by increasing urinary citrate and volume. The small associations … Leggi tutto