La carbamazepina antagonizza la soppressione di vitamina D-mediata dell’iperparatiroidismo secondario: patogenesi e possibilità terapeutiche

Carbamazepin antagonizes the vitamin D-mediated suppression of secondary hyperparathyroidism: pathogenesis and therapeutical options Abstract. This commentary updates: 1) the patophisiology responsible for carbamazepine-induced resistance to paricalcitol suppression of PTH in CKD; 2) the contribution of vitamin D deficiency to the adverse effects of carbamazepine; 3) the benefits of cholecalciferol supplementation either alone or in combination … Leggi tutto

Chronic hypercalcaemia from inactivating mutations of vitamin D 24-hydroxylase (CYP24A1): implications for mineral metabolism changes in chronic renal failure

Loss-of-function mutations of vitamin D-24 hydroxylase have recently been recognized as a cause of hypercalcaemia and nephrocalcinosis/nephrolithiasis in infants and adults. True prevalence and natural history of this condition are still to be defined.  … Probands had recurrent nephrolithiasis, chronic hypercalcaemia with depressed parathyroid hormone (PTH) and increased 1,25(OH)2D levels; carriers had nephrolithiasis (two of … Leggi tutto

Genetics of kidney stone disease

Kidney stone disease (nephrolithiasis) is a common problem that can be associated with alterations in urinary solute composition including hypercalciuria. Studies suggest that the prevalence of monogenic kidney stone disorders, including renal tubular acidosis with deafness, Bartter syndrome, primary hyperoxaluria and cystinuria, in patients attending kidney stone clinics is ∼15%. However, for the majority of … Leggi tutto

Genetics of kidney stone disease—Polygenic meets monogenic

Kidney stone disease comprising nephrolithiasis and nephrocalcinosis is a clinical syndrome of increasing prevalence with remarkable heterogeneity. Stone composition, age of manifestation, rate of recurrence, and impairment of kidney function varies with underlying etiologies. While calcium-based kidney stones account for the vast majority their etiology is still poorly understood. Recent studies underline the notion that … Leggi tutto

Autosomal-Recessive Mutations in SLC34A1 Encoding Sodium-Phosphate Cotransporter 2A Cause Idiopathic Infantile Hypercalcemia

Idiopathic infantile hypercalcemia (IIH) is characterized by severe hypercalcemia with failure to thrive, vomiting, dehydration, and nephrocalcinosis. Recently, mutations in the vitamin D catabolizing enzyme 25-hydroxyvitamin D3-24-hydroxylase (CYP24A1)weredescribed that lead to increased sensitivity to vitaminD due to accumulation of the active metabolite 1,25-(OH)2D3. In a subgroup of patients who presented in early infancy with renal … Leggi tutto