densità minerale ossea

Chronic hypercalcaemia from inactivating mutations of vitamin D 24-hydroxylase (CYP24A1): implications for mineral metabolism changes in chronic renal failure

Loss-of-function mutations of vitamin D-24 hydroxylase have recently been recognized as a cause of hypercalcaemia and nephrocalcinosis/nephrolithiasis in infants and adults. True prevalence and natural history of this condition are still to be defined.  … Probands had recurrent nephrolithiasis, chronic hypercalcaemia with depressed parathyroid hormone (PTH) and increased 1,25(OH)2D levels; carriers had nephrolithiasis (two of … Leggi tutto


The prevalence of urolithiasis has increased worldwide over the past decades (1,2). The recently updatedguidelines on urolithiasis from the European Association of Urology (EAU) (3) represent a landmarkadvancement in the treatment of a common clinical condition because they address both the associatedrisks of urolithiasis beyond urolithiasis itself and the need for follow-up. Risks of urolithiasis … Leggi tutto

Iter diagnostico e terapia della calcolosi

La nefrolitiasi è una malattia diffusa nella popolazione generale con una prevalenza in aumento negli ultimi anni. La sua rilevanza clinica è gravata dalla tendenza a recidivare comportando così un rischio aggiuntivo di complicanze sia renali (fino alla malattia renale cronica) che extrarenali (come la malattia metabolica dell’osso). D’altra parte l’inquadramento clinico della malattia può … Leggi tutto

Distal renal tubular acidosis: ERKNet/ESPN clinical practice points

Distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA) is characterized by an impaired ability of the distal tubule to excrete acid, leading to metabolic acidosis. Associated complications include bone disease, growth failure, urolithiasis and hypokalaemia. Due to its rarity, there is limited evidence to guide diagnosis and management; however, available data strongly suggest that metabolic control of the … Leggi tutto

Practice patterns of kidney stone management across European and non‑European centers: an in‑depth investigation from the European Renal Stone Network (ERSN)

e Kidney stones are a common condition in the general population, however, high-quality evidence for its management is scarce. We propose the creation of an international network with the aim of sharing practice patterns and patient data towards an improvement of our knowledge of the disease. Our survey highlights the potential for the creation of … Leggi tutto