Evidence for epistatic interaction between VDR and SLC13A2 genes in the pathogenesis of hypocitraturia in recurrent calcium oxalate stone formers

enetic factors play a key role in the pathogenesis of hypocitraturia, a common risk factor for nephrolithiasis. The Na+-dicarboxylate cotransporter NaDC1, encoded by the sodium-dicarboxylate cotransporter (SLC13A2) gene, is a major determinant of urinary citrate excretion and its biological functions are regulated also by the vitamin D/Vitamin D receptor (VDR) biological system. The aim of … Leggi tutto

2 – Nephrocalcinosis and urolithiasis in children Kidney International (2012) 82, 493–497; doi:10.1038/ki.2012.142

Correction to: Kidney International (2011) 80:1278–1291; doi:10.1038/ki.2011.336 In the above-cited article, Table 2 was published with incorrect alignment of age ranges and erroneous unit changes concerning the cystine and urate excretion levels. The urate gram units needed to be multiplied by 10. In Table 1, the diagnosis related to NPT2a mutations should read ‘Urolithiasis, osteoporosis, … Leggi tutto

Genetics of kidney stone disease

Kidney stone disease (nephrolithiasis) is a common problem that can be associated with alterations in urinary solute composition including hypercalciuria. Studies suggest that the prevalence of monogenic kidney stone disorders, including renal tubular acidosis with deafness, Bartter syndrome, primary hyperoxaluria and cystinuria, in patients attending kidney stone clinics is ∼15%. However, for the majority of … Leggi tutto

Genetics of kidney stone disease—Polygenic meets monogenic

Kidney stone disease comprising nephrolithiasis and nephrocalcinosis is a clinical syndrome of increasing prevalence with remarkable heterogeneity. Stone composition, age of manifestation, rate of recurrence, and impairment of kidney function varies with underlying etiologies. While calcium-based kidney stones account for the vast majority their etiology is still poorly understood. Recent studies underline the notion that … Leggi tutto

Mutations in CYP24A1 and Idiopathic Infantile Hypercalcemi

The presence of CYP24A1 mutations explains the increased sensitivity to vitamin D in patients with idiopathic infantile hypercalcemia and is a genetic risk factor for the development of symptomatic hypercalcemia that may be triggered by vitamin D prophylaxis in otherwise apparently healthy infants 0

CYP24A1 gene

File introduttivo alla problematica riassunto dalla rete. The CYP24A1 gene provides instructions for making an enzyme called 24-hydroxylase. This enzyme helps control the amount of active vitamin D available in the body. When active, vitamin D is involved in maintaining the proper balance of several minerals in the body, including calcium and phosphate, which are … Leggi tutto

Parathyroid Hormone Resistance and Autoantibodies to the PTH1 Receptor

We describe two cases of acquired parathyroid hormone (PTH) resistance consequent to the development of serum PTH type 1 receptor (PTH1R) autoantibodies, which block PTH binding and signaling. Both cases were associated with other autoimmune manifestations, and one case was associated with atypical membranous glomerulonephritis. In vitro binding and signaling assays identified the presence of … Leggi tutto