Demographic, Dietary, and Urinary Factors and 24-h Urinary Calcium Excretion

Background and objectives: Higher urinary calcium is a risk factor for nephrolithiasis. This study delineated associations between demographic, dietary, and urinary factors and 24-h urinary calcium. Design, setting, participants, & measurements: Cross-sectional studies were conducted of 2201 stone formers (SF) and 1167 nonstone formers (NSF) in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (men) and Nurses’ Health … Leggi tutto

Assessing the risk of incident hypertension and chronic kidney disease after exposure to shock wave lithotripsy and ureteroscopy

In this study we sought to determine if among individuals with urolithiasis, extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) and ureteroscopy are associated with a higher risk of incident arterial hypertension (HTN) and/or chronic kidney disease (CKD). This was measured in a population-based retrospective study of 11,570 participants with incident urolithiasis and 127,464 without urolithiasis in The … Leggi tutto

Update on nephrolithiasis: beyond symptomatic urinary tract obstruction

Nephrolithiasis research and care have been focused on biochemical changes in urinary solute excretion leading to stone formation, but abnormalities in urine chemistry alone do not explain many aspects of the condition of patients with kidney stone disease. Evidence exists of an association with metabolic syndrome, obesity, diabetes and hypertension, and of enhanced risk of … Leggi tutto