Nephrolithiasis-associated bone disease: pathogenesis and treatment options

Nephrolithiasis remains a formidable health problem in the United States and worldwide. A very important butunderaddressed area in nephrolithiasis is the accompanying bone disease. Epidemiologic studies have shown that osteoporotic fractures occur more frequently in patients with nephrolithiasis than in the general population. Decreased bone mineral density and defects in bone remodeling are commonly encountered … Leggi tutto

Kidney Stones: A Global Picture of Prevalence, Incidence, and Associated Risk Factors

The prevalence and incidence of nephrolithiasis is reported to be increasing across the world. Herein, we review information regarding stone incidence and prevalence from a global perspective. A literature search using PubMed and Ovid was performed to identify peer-reviewed journal articles containing information on the incidence and prevalence of kidney stones. Key words used included … Leggi tutto

Update on nephrolithiasis: beyond symptomatic urinary tract obstruction

Nephrolithiasis research and care have been focused on biochemical changes in urinary solute excretion leading to stone formation, but abnormalities in urine chemistry alone do not explain many aspects of the condition of patients with kidney stone disease. Evidence exists of an association with metabolic syndrome, obesity, diabetes and hypertension, and of enhanced risk of … Leggi tutto