acidosi tubulari

Kidney Stone Academy

Un corso on line, oramai non più FAD, sulla Fisiopatologia della Calcolosi Renale. GLi AA sono la sicurezza che il corso vale assolutamente la pena di essere visto. Marco Lombardi

Kidney Stones, Proteinuria and Renal Tubular Metabolic Acidosis: What Is the Link?

Kidney stone disease represents a rare cause of chronic kidney disease (2–3%) but has severe clinical consequences. Type 1 renal tubular acidosis is a strong lithogenic condition mainly related to primary Sjögren syndrome. This study aimed to illustrate an unusual presentation of Sjögren syndrome to improve the knowledge about rare kidney stone diseases, and to … Leggi tutto

Genetic Hypercalciuria

Hypercalciuria is an important, identifiable, and reversible risk factor in stone formation. The foremost and most fundamental step in dissecting the genetics of hypercalciuria is understanding its pathophysiology. Hypercalciuria is a complex trait. This article outlines the various factors that compromise the attempt to dissect the genetics of hypercalciuria, summarizes the clinical and experimental monogenic … Leggi tutto

2 – Nephrocalcinosis and urolithiasis in children Kidney International (2012) 82, 493–497; doi:10.1038/ki.2012.142

Correction to: Kidney International (2011) 80:1278–1291; doi:10.1038/ki.2011.336 In the above-cited article, Table 2 was published with incorrect alignment of age ranges and erroneous unit changes concerning the cystine and urate excretion levels. The urate gram units needed to be multiplied by 10. In Table 1, the diagnosis related to NPT2a mutations should read ‘Urolithiasis, osteoporosis, … Leggi tutto

Nephrocalcinosis and urolithiasis in children

The incidence of adult urolithiasis has increased significantly in industrialized countries over the past decades. Sound incidence rates are not available for children, nor are they known for nephrocalcinosis, which can appear as a single entity or together with urolithiasis. In contrast to the adult kidney stone patient, where environmental factors are the main cause, … Leggi tutto

Genetic defects underlying renal stone disease

Renal stones are common and are usually secondary to risk factors affecting the solubility of substances in the urinary tract. Primary, that is genetic, causes are rare but nevertheless are important to recognise so that appropriate treatments can be instigated and the risks to other family members acknowledged. A brief overview of the investigation of … Leggi tutto

Progressive chronic kidney disease secondary to tubulointerstitial nephritis in primary biliary cirrhosis

Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is an autoimmune disease characterized by the presence of anti-mitochondrial antibodies (AMA). Whilst asymptomatic distal tubular acidosis (DTA) is the commonest renal lesion reported in PBC, tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) has also been reported as a rare association. Although PBC could be a familial disorder, there have been no previous reports of … Leggi tutto

IgM-Positive Tubulointerstitial Nephritis Associated With Asymptomatic Primary Biliary Cirrhosis

Tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) is an inflammatory disorder in renal tubules and interstitium without the involvement of glomerular lesions.1TIN is often induced by drugs and infections, but idiopathic or systemic diseaserelated forms have also been observed. Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is an immunemediated chronic and progressive cholestatic liver disease. Laboratory data show increased serum values of … Leggi tutto

IgM-Positive Plasma Cell-Tubulointerstitial Nephritis

Infiltration by IgG-positive plasma cells is a common finding in tubulointerstitial nephritis. Indeed, it has been thought that CD138-positive mature plasma cells secrete mainly IgG, and the occurrence of tubulointerstitial nephritis with CD138-positive plasma cells secreting IgM has rarely been reported.  The clinical findings for these patients included a high prevalence of distal renal tubular acidosis … Leggi tutto