Nephrolithiasis-associated bone disease: pathogenesis and treatment options

Nephrolithiasis remains a formidable health problem in the United States and worldwide. A very important butunderaddressed area in nephrolithiasis is the accompanying bone disease. Epidemiologic studies have shown that osteoporotic fractures occur more frequently in patients with nephrolithiasis than in the general population. Decreased bone mineral density and defects in bone remodeling are commonly encountered … Leggi tutto

Sodium–glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors and risk of nephrolithiasis

…  Results We identified 24,290 and 19,576 eligible users of SGLT2Is and GLP1 RAs, respectively. After matching, 12,325 patient pairs remained. The median age was 61 years and median follow-up was 2.0 years. The nephrolithiasis rate was 2.0 per 1000 person-years in SGLT2I initiators compared with 4.0 per 1000 person-years in GLP1 RA initiators, with a rate … Leggi tutto

Percorso diagnostico-terapeutico per il paziente con calcolosi renale: update 2020

La storia naturale della calcolosi urinaria è quella di una patologia che tende a recidivare e che può associarsi ad aumentato rischio di malattia renale cronica, ossea e cardiovascolare. Per questo una ampia valutazione clinico-metabolica del paziente è di grande importanza sin dalla prima presentazione della calcolosi, allo scopo di impostare un appropriato trattamento preventivo. … Leggi tutto

ABC’s of medical management of STONES.

This publication is printed and distributed  for educational purposes by  MISSION PHARMACAL COMPANY  San Antonio, TX 78230-1355 Acknowledgment is made to  the following people for expert guidance  on the development of this booklet 0 0 0 0

Iter diagnostico e terapia della calcolosi

La nefrolitiasi è una malattia diffusa nella popolazione generale con una prevalenza in aumento negli ultimi anni. La sua rilevanza clinica è gravata dalla tendenza a recidivare comportando così un rischio aggiuntivo di complicanze sia renali (fino alla malattia renale cronica) che extrarenali (come la malattia metabolica dell’osso). D’altra parte l’inquadramento clinico della malattia può … Leggi tutto

Nephrocalcinosis and urolithiasis in children

The incidence of adult urolithiasis has increased significantly in industrialized countries over the past decades. Sound incidence rates are not available for children, nor are they known for nephrocalcinosis, which can appear as a single entity or together with urolithiasis. In contrast to the adult kidney stone patient, where environmental factors are the main cause, … Leggi tutto

Therapy‑Resistant Hypercalcemia in a Patient with Inactivating CYP24A1 Mutation and Recurrent Nephrolithiasis: Beware of Concomitant Hyperparathyroidism

We describe a case harboring a homozygous CYP24A1 mutation with mild loss of function, frst presenting with recurrent nephrolithiasis from the age of 22 onward, initially associated with hypercalcemia and low PTH concentrations. Over the years, hyperparathyroidism developed, resulting in more severe hypercalcemia. Also, kidney function deteriorated, most probably as a consequence of biopsy-proven nephrocalcinosis. … Leggi tutto