EPDEMIOLOGIA

Diagnostic policies on nephrolithiasis/nephrocalcinosis of possible genetic origin by Italian nephrologists: a survey by the Italian Society of Nephrology with an emphasis on primary hyperoxaluria

Primary hyperoxaluria is a genetic disorder of the metabolism of glyoxylate, the precursor of oxalate. It is characterized by high endogenous production and excessive urinary excretion of oxalate, resulting in the development of calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis, nephrocalcinosis, and, in severe cases, end-stage kidney disease and systemic oxalosis. Three diferent forms of primary hyperoxaluria are currently … Leggi tutto

Kidney Stone Academy

Un corso on line, oramai non più FAD, sulla Fisiopatologia della Calcolosi Renale. GLi AA sono la sicurezza che il corso vale assolutamente la pena di essere visto. https://medicalfree.it/corso/fisiopatologia-della-calcolosi-renale Marco Lombardi

La valutazione metabolica della litiasi urinaria recidivante. Dai luoghi comuni ad un approccio razionale. Studio preliminare

SIMG ha intrapreso uno studio con l’obiettivo di valutare il profilo metabolico urinario dei pazienti con litiasi urinaria recidivante. Per questo si è avvalsa della collaborazione della Biohealth Italia (www.biohealth.it) che ha messo a disposizione il servizio Lithocenter, l’unico in Italia a consentire uno studio metabolico delle urine senza che il paziente debba spostarsi dal … Leggi tutto

Iter diagnostico e terapia della calcolosi

La nefrolitiasi è una malattia diffusa nella popolazione generale con una prevalenza in aumento negli ultimi anni. La sua rilevanza clinica è gravata dalla tendenza a recidivare comportando così un rischio aggiuntivo di complicanze sia renali (fino alla malattia renale cronica) che extrarenali (come la malattia metabolica dell’osso). D’altra parte l’inquadramento clinico della malattia può … Leggi tutto

Demographic, Dietary, and Urinary Factors and 24-h Urinary Calcium Excretion

Background and objectives: Higher urinary calcium is a risk factor for nephrolithiasis. This study delineated associations between demographic, dietary, and urinary factors and 24-h urinary calcium. Design, setting, participants, & measurements: Cross-sectional studies were conducted of 2201 stone formers (SF) and 1167 nonstone formers (NSF) in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (men) and Nurses’ Health … Leggi tutto

Update on Hereditary Kidney Stone Disease and Introduction of a New Clinical Patient Registry in Germany

Kidney stone disease is an increasingly prevalent condition with remarkable clinical heterogeneity, with regards to stone composition, age of manifestation, rate of recurrence, and impairment of kidney function. Calcium-based kidney stones account for the vast majority of cases, but their etiology is poorly understood, notably their genetic drivers. As recent studies indicate, hereditary conditions are … Leggi tutto

Cystinuria: clinical practice recommendation

. This clinical practice recommendation provides guidance on all aspects of the management of both adults and children with cystinuria, including diagnosis, surgery, and medical treatment. 0

Kidney Stones: A Global Picture of Prevalence, Incidence, and Associated Risk Factors

The prevalence and incidence of nephrolithiasis is reported to be increasing across the world. Herein, we review information regarding stone incidence and prevalence from a global perspective. A literature search using PubMed and Ovid was performed to identify peer-reviewed journal articles containing information on the incidence and prevalence of kidney stones. Key words used included … Leggi tutto