Chronic hypercalcaemia from inactivating mutations of vitamin D 24-hydroxylase (CYP24A1): implications for mineral metabolism changes in chronic renal failure

Loss-of-function mutations of vitamin D-24 hydroxylase have recently been recognized as a cause of hypercalcaemia and nephrocalcinosis/nephrolithiasis in infants and adults. True prevalence and natural history of this condition are still to be defined.  … Probands had recurrent nephrolithiasis, chronic hypercalcaemia with depressed parathyroid hormone (PTH) and increased 1,25(OH)2D levels; carriers had nephrolithiasis (two of … Leggi tutto

LITHORISK.COM: the novel version of a software for calculating and visualizing the risk of renal stone

Estimation of state of saturation with stone-forming salt represents a reliable tool to assess the overall risk. The available methods are based on computer-assisted ab initio calculations. Our earlier method URSUS was subsequently substituted by Lithorisk®, a software including visualization of risk profiles…  After digiting input variables (urea and creatinine also included) in a fixed … Leggi tutto

Kidney Stone Academy

Un corso on line, oramai non più FAD, sulla Fisiopatologia della Calcolosi Renale. GLi AA sono la sicurezza che il corso vale assolutamente la pena di essere visto. https://medicalfree.it/corso/fisiopatologia-della-calcolosi-renale Marco Lombardi

Kidney Stones, Proteinuria and Renal Tubular Metabolic Acidosis: What Is the Link?

Kidney stone disease represents a rare cause of chronic kidney disease (2–3%) but has severe clinical consequences. Type 1 renal tubular acidosis is a strong lithogenic condition mainly related to primary Sjögren syndrome. This study aimed to illustrate an unusual presentation of Sjögren syndrome to improve the knowledge about rare kidney stone diseases, and to … Leggi tutto

Primary Hyperoxaluria

Primary hyperoxaluria is a rare autosomal recessive disorder involving the overproduction of oxalate by the liver that may go undiagnosed for years. Early symptoms include nephrocalcinosisand nephrolithiasis. As kidney function worsens, systemic oxalate deposition may occur, including in the joints,bones, eyes, and skin. … n engl j med 386;10 nejm.org March 10, 2022 0

Concomitant Urinary Triple Phosphate and Cystine Crystals

A 37-year-old man with cystinuria was seen in the nephrology clinic for routine follow-up. He had received a diagnosis of cystinuria at 1 year of age, when he had presented with nephrolithiasis and pyelonephritis; subsequent workup had shown elevated 24-hour cystine urinary excretion and homozygous variants in the gene SLC3A1. … n engl j med … Leggi tutto

L’ultrasonografia nella diagnosi e nel management della nefrolitiasi: stato dell’arte e prospettive future

L’iter diagnostico per giungere ad un corretto management del paziente con nefrolitiasi costituisce un tema centrale dell’attività clinica del nefrologo. Negli ultimi anni i tassi di incidenza e prevalenza della nefrolitiasi hanno mantenuto un trend in continua crescita nel mondo, mostrando una stretta correlazione con altre patologie croniche quali diabete mellito, ipertensione arteriosa, obesità, sindrome … Leggi tutto

ABC’s of medical management of STONES.

This publication is printed and distributed  for educational purposes by  MISSION PHARMACAL COMPANY  San Antonio, TX 78230-1355 Acknowledgment is made to  the following people for expert guidance  on the development of this booklet 0 0 0 0

Iter diagnostico e terapia della calcolosi

La nefrolitiasi è una malattia diffusa nella popolazione generale con una prevalenza in aumento negli ultimi anni. La sua rilevanza clinica è gravata dalla tendenza a recidivare comportando così un rischio aggiuntivo di complicanze sia renali (fino alla malattia renale cronica) che extrarenali (come la malattia metabolica dell’osso). D’altra parte l’inquadramento clinico della malattia può … Leggi tutto

Genetic Hypercalciuria

Hypercalciuria is an important, identifiable, and reversible risk factor in stone formation. The foremost and most fundamental step in dissecting the genetics of hypercalciuria is understanding its pathophysiology. Hypercalciuria is a complex trait. This article outlines the various factors that compromise the attempt to dissect the genetics of hypercalciuria, summarizes the clinical and experimental monogenic … Leggi tutto