Primary hyperoxaluria Type 1, a too often missed diagnosis and potentially treatable cause of end-stage renal disease in adults: results of the Dutch cohort

Primary hyperoxaluria Type 1, an inherited disorder with increased endogenous oxalate production, leads to the development of urolithiasis, nephrocalcinosis and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Contrary to the general belief that patients diagnosed during adulthood experience a relatively mild course of disease, we were confronted with several cases of ESRD caused by previously undiagnosed primary hyperoxaluria.

The high prevalence of pyridoxine-responsive genotypes and favourabl prognosis of timely treatment warrant early diagnostic screening for primary hyperoxaluria Type 1 in patients with recurrent urolithiasis. This will preserve kidney function and prevent diagnosis of adult diagnosed patients in ESRD.



AUTORE: S.M. van der Hoeven