Demographic, Dietary, and Urinary Factors and 24-h Urinary Calcium Excretion

Background and objectives: Higher urinary calcium is a risk factor for nephrolithiasis. This study delineated associations between demographic, dietary, and urinary factors and 24-h urinary calcium. Design, setting, participants, & measurements: Cross-sectional studies were conducted of 2201 stone formers (SF) and 1167 nonstone formers (NSF) in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (men) and Nurses’ Health Studies I and II (older and younger women).

Conclusions: Intestinal calcium absorption and/or negative calcium balance is greater in SF than NSF. Higher calcium intakes at levels typically observed in free-living individuals are associated with only small increases in urinary calcium. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 4: 1980 –1987, 2009. doi: 10.2215/CJN.02620409



AUTORE: Eric N. Taylor and Gary C. Curhan